D-dimer tests are used to check for blood clotting problems. You may have a blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm to get tested.
- A normal test result is negative, which means there’re probably no problems with blood clotting.
- A positive result may mean:
- there is blood clot (thrombus), but it does not tell the location or the reason.
- Or, it may be caused by other conditions such as pregnancy, infection, liver disease, recent surgery or trauma, heart attack and aging.
- When monitoring disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) treatment,
- decreasing levels mean the treatment is effective;
- increasing levels mean the treatment is not working.
As D-dimer is a sensitive test but has a poor specificity, it is only used to rule out deep vein thrombosis (DVT), not to confirm a diagnosis.
Keywords: D-dimer, Fibrin Degradation Fragment, Fragment D-dimer