Xiphoid Process Pain: Causes and Treatments

Xiphoid process is the lowest and smallest part of the sternum (breastbone). Its other names include metasternum and xiphisternum.

The possible causes of xiphoid process pain include:

  • Physical injury
  • Obesity
  • GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  • Xiphoid syndrome (xiphoid process pain when pressed)
  • Deformity of xiphoid process


  • Cold and hot compress.
  • Medications: pain relievers, steroid injections, etc.
  • Eating smaller amounts of foods and light exercise, when the pain is caused by GERD.
  • Surgery (when needed)


Keywords: xiphoid process; xiphoid process pain; xiphoid process pain: causes and treatments.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.