5 Important Facts of Orthostatic Hypotension

Orthostatic Hypotension means low blood pressure when standing. For patients who had once or frequently had OH symptoms, here are the most important facts you should get to know.

I – Symptoms of orthostatic hypotension include lightheadedness, weakness, blurred vision, and syncope or passing out.

II – Dehydration, blood loss, and anemia are the most common reasons to develop low blood pressure when standing. Reasons of dehydration include vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and heat-related illnesses, intake of Diuretics or water pills.

III – Beta blockers, other high blood pressure medications, and medications such as sildenafil (Viagra) may all cause orthostatic hypotension. Beta blocker medications such as metoprolol (Inderal) block the beta-adrenergic receptors in the body, preventing the heart from speeding up, preventing the heart from contracting as forcefully, and dilating blood vessels. Sildenafil (Viagra), vardenafil (Levitra), and tadalafil (Cialis) dilate blood vessels, and this class of medication may cause orthostatic hypotension.

IV – Maintaining adequate hydration is the best way to prevent orthostatic hypotension if the hypotension is caused by dehydration. However, overhydration can exacerbate congestive heart failure. Patients with CHF and orthostatic hypotension need to closely monitor fluid intake and make changes only with physician supervision.

V – Frequent OH symptoms need doctors’ advice, it could be very serious, even life-threating.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.