Amphetamine:Uses & Side Effects

Amphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant that affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.Amphetamine is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).The Evekeo brand of amphetamine is used to treat ADHD and also narcolepsy. Evekeo is sometimes used to treat obesity in people who have not lost weight with diets or other treatments.

Amphetamine is not approved for use in children less than 6 years of age, with the exception of Evekeo (approved for children age 3 and older).

Precautions

You should not use amphetamine if you are allergic to any stimulant medicine, or if you have:

  • heart disease or a heart defect;
  • moderate to severe high blood pressure;
  • overactive thyroid;
  • severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (stimulant medicine can make these symptoms worse); or
  • a history of drug or alcohol abuse.

Do not use amphetamine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.

Some medicines can interact with amphetamine and cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome. Be sure your doctor knows if you also take opioid medicine, herbal products, or medicine for depression, mental illness, Parkinson’s disease, migraine headaches, serious infections, or prevention of nausea and vomiting. Ask your doctor before making any changes in how or when you take your medications.

Side effects

Common amphetamine side effects may include:

  • dry mouth, unusual or unpleasant taste in the mouth
  • loss of appetite, weight loss;
  • stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea;
  • feeling restless or nervous;
  • sleep problems (insomnia);
  • mood changes;
  • dizziness or headaches; or
  • fever

Keywords: amphetamine

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.