What Is Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease?

What is autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease?

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, ARPKD, is a very rare genetic disorder occurring in newborn children. ARPKD causes the formation of many cysts in the infant’s kidneys and makes them larger. The possibility is approximately 1 in 20,000 children. It affects boys and girls equally and can cause death in the first month of life.

The affected infant may have high blood pressure. He/she may also have frequent urge to drink water and to pee, and suffer from feeding difficulties.

The disease is quite fatal to newborns. If a child with ARPKD survives the newborn period, the chances of survival are good. For these children, approximately one-third will need dialysis or transplantation by the age of 10.

Keywords: autosomal recessive polycystic kidney, autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.

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