Bladder Cancer - Treatment for Stage I I bladder cancers means the tumors have grown into the connective tissue layer of the bladder wall but have not reached the muscle layer.

Transurethral resection (TURBT) is typically the first treatment for these cancers, it removes the tumor and define the extent of cancer . A high portion of patients will get a new bladder cancer within a few years if no further treatment is given after TURBT, and the new tumors will usually be more advanced. If the first cancer is high-grade, it has more chance to happen.

For both low grade and high grade stage I bladder cancer, a second TURBT is often recommended several weeks later.

In low grade case, intravesical BCG or mitomycin is given when the doctors think the tumors have been completely removed. If not all of the cancer was removed, options include either intravesical BCG or cystectomy (removal of part or all of the bladder).

In high grade case, if many tumors are present, or if the tumor is very large when it is first found, radical cystectomy may be recommended.

For people who aren’t healthy enough for a cystectomy, radiation therapy (often along with chemo) might be an option for treatment, although the chances for cure might not be as good.


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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.