The cardiac risk assessment is a group of tests which show how likely a person is to have a stroke or develop heart problems, such as a heart attack. The test measures the levels of LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood and can determine the risk of an individual developing coronary heart disease.
The reference ranges are as follows:
- Total cholesterol: less than 5.0 mmol/L
- HDL-cholesterol: higher than 1.0mmol/L for males and higher than 1.20 for females
- LDL-cholesterol: less than 3.0 mmol/L
- Triglycerides: less than 1.70 mmol/L
- Cholesterol <200 mg/dL (5.18 mmol/L)
- HDL-cholesterol > 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L)
- LDL-cholesterol <100 mg/dL* (2.59 mmol/L)
- Triglycerides <150 mg/dL (1.70 mmol/L)
Elevated levels of these values may indicate higher risk of getting heart diseases. Other tests, including the high sensitivity C-reactive protein and lipoprotein tests can also be used to assess the risk of heart disease.
Keywords: cardiac risk assessment