What Causes Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome is related to the X chromosome, which is one of the two sex chromosomes.



About half of individuals with Turner syndrome has only one copy of the X chromosome instead of the usual two sex chromosomes in their body.



Turner syndrome can also occur if one of the sex chromosomes is partially missing or rearranged rather than completely absent.



Researchers have not determined which genes on the X chromosome are associated with most of the features of Turner syndrome. They have, however, identified one gene called SHOX that is important for bone development and growth. The loss of one copy of this gene likely causes short stature and skeletal abnormalities in women with Turner syndrome.



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