Dehydration means that a child’s body doesn’t have enough fluid. Infants and small children are even more likely to become dehydrated, since they can lose more fluid quickly.
The causes of dehydration in children
- decreased ability to drink with a viral infection or bacterial infections
- increased sweating
- excessive urination
- cystic fibrosis or celiac sprue
The signs and symptoms of dehydration in infants or children might be:
- dry mouth and tongue
- sunken eyes and cheeks
- no tears when crying
- no wet diapers for three hours
- listlessness or irritability
The prevention of dehydration in children
The key is to recognize the danger signs as early as possible and to begin proper fluid replacement quickly.
Also, if your child has vomiting or diarrhea more than four to five times in 24 hours, start fluid replacement.
The treatment for dehydration in children
Drink fluids with electrolytes and take small sips every few moments. A BRAT diet or IV solution may also be considered.
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