Diet Tips for Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma, also referred as myeloma, is a type of cancer that affects plasma cells. Put simply, it will destroy your immune system. Good nutrition matters a lot here for giving you more strength to fight back. In general, the eating rule goes as: improve your immunity and skip the infection, while diets differ with treatments.

Targeted therapy. Common side effects are: drowsiness and fatigue, constipation, diarrhea and so on. What to eat mainly includes:

  • High-quality protein.  Add more protein in your diet such as salmon to fight the fatigue.
  • Greens. Cooked vegetables and fruits can not only provide much antioxidants, but also help you avoid the infection.
  • BRAT diet. A low-fiber diet consists of bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast, going along with broth and plenty of water.

Chemotherapy. Common side effects are: hair loss, constipation and so on. What to eat mainly includes:

  • Fiber. More fiber can boost your bowel movements. Water and prune juice will also help keep things moving. Other good sources include: fruits like apples, whole grains, oatmeal and other cereals and vegetables like broccoli, and bland foods.
  • Vitamin. Vitamin B complex can be used to boost blood flow to the scalp, and for a better health of hair follicles and capillaries, vitamins E and C would be helpful.
  • High-quality protein.  Add more protein in your diet such as salmon to fight the fatigue.

Radiation therapy. Common side effects are: tiredness, appetite loss, diarrhea and so on. What to eat mainly includes:

  • High-quality protein.  Add more protein in your diet such as salmon to fight the fatigue.
  • Vitamins and minerals. It is necessary to take a daily supplement to stay healthy, such as iron, vitamin D, or fish oil supplements.
  • Iron. Eat more iron-rich foods, like lean meats, beans, and dark, leafy greens.

Stem cell transplant. Common side effects are: mouth sores, throat pain, nausea and vomiting and so on. What to eat mainly includes:

  • Light food. Try foods that are easy to swallow, such as pudding or mashed potatoes. Spicy foods should be avoid.
  • High-quality protein.  Add more protein in your diet such as salmon to fight the fatigue.

What to avoid in general
Since multiple myeloma makes your immune system weaker, you’ll need to steer clear of any foods that could make you sick, including:

  • raw or uncooked food, especially rowed meat, fish seafood, and poultry such as Sushi;
  • uncooked eggs or foods containing runny eggs;
  • unpasteurized drinks or dairy;
  • unwashed foods;
  • deli meats that have not been reheated to a safe internal temperature;
  • raw sprouts.

If you are pregnant or have other complications, please confirm your diet with your dietitian.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.