Don’t Ignore These Symptoms—They May Be The Forewarning of a Stroke

What is a stroke and how to prevent it?

Stroke is not a strange word to us. In America, stroke strikes about 700,000 people each year. But majority of people survive, up to 94% of the risk factors for stroke are controllable. If you can identify stroke early and take measures to prevent it, the treatment for a stroke can be more effective.

Today, we are going to talk about how to identify and prevent a stroke.

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a kind of acute cerebrovascular diseases. There are two main types of stroke:

  • Hemorrhagic stroke: a blood vessel in your brain leaks or ruptures.
  • Ischemic stroke: the arteries to your brain become narrowed or blocked.

No matter which type of stroke can damage the brain, causing serious consequences and even death.  Most patients have varying degrees of sequelae, including:

  • Physically disabled.
  • Numbness.
  • Unable to speak.
  • Trouble with understanding.

Identify stroke quickly and seek medical attention immediately.

Three tests for suspected stroke patients:

  • Smile test: Ask the patient to smile.
    Normal: Both sides of the face can move.
    Abnormal: Obvious asymmetry in two sides of the face.
  • Raise-arm test: Ask the patient to raise his arms flat.
    Normal: Both arms can be raised.
    Abnormal: One arm is unable to lift.
  • Speaking test: Ask the patient to say a few words.
    Normal: Speak fluently and clearly.
    Abnormal: Trouble with talking, slurred speech, or unable to talk.

In addition to the above symptoms, if symptoms, such as severe headache accompanied by vomiting, paralysis, coma, convulsions, incontinence, appear suddenly, you may also have a stroke.

What should you do if you observe someone has a stroke?

If you find someone has a stroke, remember following 3 steps:

  1. Call 911 immediately.
  2. Let the patient lie on the side and keep him warm.
  3. Check the patient’s mouth and remove foreign matter.

Change your lifestyle and prevent a stroke.

Statistics show that 80% of strokes can be prevented, and a healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of having a stroke. There are some tips for lifestyle changes:

  • Have a balanced diet.
  • Take less salt and eat low fat food.
  • Keep exercising and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Quit smoking and avoid alcohol.
  • Do medical checkup regularly.
  • Choose proper treatment.

In general, stroke strikes people suddenly. Therefore, if you have above symptoms, you should seek medical attention immediately. In addition to stroke, sudden myocardial infarction, hypoglycemia, falling down and getting injured are also risk factors for older adults.

If we know how to do in emergency, we can save our own life and other’s lives.

Keywords: stroke symptoms; stroke prevention

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.