Guidelines for Epilepsy in Children

Epilepsy is a kind of central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing serious situations including seizures, or even loss of awareness. Epilepsy can affect both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.

According to the study, there are about 180,000 people getting epilepsy every year, and about 30% happen in children. Children with epilepsy are usually on medication for seizures. But if medications are noneffective, surgery is needed to remove the part in brain that causes epilepsy seizures.

Guideline for medications.

  • Felbamate (Felbatol)
  • Gabapentin (Neurontin)
  • Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
  • Levetiracetam (Keppra)
  • Oxcarbazepine (Oxteller XR or Trileptal)
  • Tiagabine hydrochloride (Gabitril)
  • Topiramate (Topamax)
  • Zonisamide (Zonegran)

Guideline for surgery.

  • Corpus callosotomy: to cut the link between the two hemispheres of the brain.
  • Multiple subpial transection: to cut the specific parts causing the seizures on the surface of the brain.
  • Hemispherectomy: to cut about half of the entire brain.

Guideline for new treatment.

Vagal Nerve Stimulation (VNS): to implant a small device in the chest to regularly emit pulses of electricity to the nerve.

Keywords: epilepsy children; childhood epilepsy treatment; children epilepsy medication; children epilepsy surgery

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.