How to Avoid Common Complications of High Blood Pressure?

Q: I heard high blood pressure is associated with several potentially dangerous complications. From kidney damage to heart attack, avoiding the long-term effects of hypertension means working to control high blood pressure. What kind of complications does high blood pressure result in if I don’t control it?

A: Heart attack are caused by an interruption of blood flow through the coronary arteries, which supply the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients.

High blood pressure raises the risk of heart attacks and increases the likelihood that a heart attack, if one occurs, will be severe. High blood pressure both stresses the heart and the formation of blockage that can disrupt blood flow.

Stroke can also be caused by an interruption of blood flow.  When blood flow to the brain is interrupted, the areas of brains which depending on that blood are damaged. In some other case, flow is reduced because the blood leaks out of the vessel.

When it comes to kidney disease, it is all known that the kidney is the most important organ. Kidney is sensitive to the effects of increased blood pressure. It plays a role in regulating the amount of fluid in the body. You can take it as a filter.

Atrial fibrillation is another complication of high blood pressure. It is kind of disorganized heartbeat. While atrial fibrillation causes changes in the pumping efficiency of the heart, it also changes blood flow within the heart itself and increase the likelihood of tiny blood clots.

Coronary artery disease refers to the formation of blockages in the blood vessels that feed the heart. The blockages are made of fat, cholesterol and macrophage. Blockages caused by coronary artery disease are a major cause of heart attack.

A: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to aneurysm. An aneurysm is a localized, blood-filled balloon-like bulge in the wall of a blood vessel. It is one of complications of high blood pressure. Aneurysms usually don’t cause symptoms. However, when it bursts, it will cause bleeding and often leading to death. Your doctor will compare the risk of keeping aneurysms and the risk of treatment, and decide whether to manage or treat them.



Related FAQ:

Is High Blood Pressure a Kind of Fatal Disease?

How Do I Know If I Have High Blood Pressure?

How to Control Atrial Fibrillation with Diet?

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.