How To Diagnose and Treat Peripheral Neuropathy?

Diagnosis

To diagnose peripheral neuropathy, tests that require to perform include:

  • A full medical history such as your medical history, including your symptoms, your lifestyle, exposure to toxins, drinking habits and a family history of nervous system (neurological) diseases.
  • Neurological examination to check your tendon reflexes, your muscle strength and tone, your ability to feel certain sensations, and your posture and coordination.
  • Blood tests to detect vitamin deficiencies, diabetes, abnormal immune function and other indications of conditions.
  • Imaging tests to find herniated disks, tumors or other abnormalities.
  • Nerve function tests to detect nerve damage.
  • Other nerve function tests including an autonomic reflex screen that records how the autonomic nerve fibers work, a sweat test, and sensory tests that record how you feel touch, vibration, cooling and heat.
  • Nerve biopsy to remove a small portion of a nerve, usually a sensory nerve, to look for abnormalities.
  • Skin biopsy to remove a small portion of skin to look for a reduction in nerve endings.

 

Treatment

To manage the condition causing peripheral neuropathy and relieve symptoms, treatments include:

  • Medications such as pain relievers, anti-seizure medications, topical treatments, antidepressants.
  • Therapies such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), plasma exchange and intravenous immune globulin, physical therapy, and surgery.
* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.