How Is Bladder Cancer Diagnosed?

To find out whether you have bladder cancer, the doctor probably will look through your medical history first. Then he may ask you about your family history and work place to make sure if there are any risk factors.  

Then the doctor will do physical exam on you. It is a pelvic exam (for women) or a digital rectal exam (DRE). The doctor will insert one finger into your rectum to feel if there is a tumor in your bladder.

If the result of your physical exam is negative. You may continue to have a urine test. The doctor will analyze the components in it to find out if anything has gone wrong.

Cystoscopy is a common medical instrument used to check your bladder. A flexible tube with a camera on it is introduced into your bladder through the urethra. Thus vision detection in the bladder is achievable. In cystoscopy, you must take the medicine to numb the urethra and bladder or be given anesthesia, for it is not a pain-free procedure.

Transurethral resection of bladder tumor is a process taking place after the cystoscopy. After the procedure, a bladder biopsy will be sent to the lab to check for cancer.

There are several types of imaging tests that the doctor may use to check your body for bladder cancer, including retrograde pyelogram, CT scan, intravenous pyelogram, MRI, ultrasound, chest X-ray, and bone scan.



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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.