How to Differentiate COPD, Emphysema & Chronic Bronchitis?

Q:
How to differentiate COPD, emphysema & chronic bronchitis?

A:
What is COPD?
COPD is defined as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is a lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It is caused by damage to the lungs over many years, usually from smoking.
COPD is often a mix of two diseases: emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Emphysema
In a healthy person, the tiny air sacs in the lungs are like balloons. As you breathe in and out, they get bigger and smaller to move air through your lungs. But with emphysema, these air sacs are damaged and lose their stretch. Less air gets in and out of the lungs, which makes you feel short of breath.

Chronic bronchitis
In chronic bronchitis, the airways that carry air to the lungs (bronchial tubes ) get inflamed and make a lot of mucus. This can narrow or block the airways, making it hard for you to breathe.

COPD gets worse over time. You can’t undo the damage to your lungs. But you can take steps to prevent more damage and to feel better.

Keyword: copd emphysema chronic bronchitis

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.