How to Prevent Heart Disease?

Heart disease is the leading cause of the death in the United States. There are many things in our daily life that may be conducive to your heart disease. Some of them are genetic and we cannot change it. But we can control most of them. Here are the heart disease risk factors and the related prevention.

Heart disease risk factors 
Age. The risk increases as you get older, especially for men after 45 and women after 55.

Gender. Some risk factors may affect heart disease risk differently in women than in men.

Race. Compared with the whites, African Americans are more likely to have heart disease.

Family history.  Your close family member who had heart disease at an early age makes you greater risk.

Lifestyle changes

Manage your blood pressure.
Check your blood sugar regularly, at least once a year and get it in control.

Keep normal cholesterol and triglyceride levels .
High levels of cholesterol raise your risk of coronary artery disease and heart attack. Get your cholesterol and triglyceride levels back to normal with balance diet and exercise.

Avoid overweight.
Obesity may not only lead to heart disease, but also diabetes and hypertension. A standard weight really shields you from lots of chronic disease.

Eat a healthy diet.
Plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains are welcomed in any healthy diets. Be careful of the saturated fats, foods high in sodium, and added sugars. For example, you can take a try with the DASH die, which can lower your blood pressure and cholesterol, two things that can lower your risk of heart disease.

Regular exercise.
Exercise strengthens your heart and improves your circulation, which not only helps you maintain a healthy weight, but also lowers cholesterol and blood pressure.

Limit alcohol and avoid smoke, stress.
Too much alcohol may cause hypertension, making you more likely to develop into the heart disease, so do the cigarette and stress.
In a word, all the causes of the hypertension may be possible triggers for a heart attack.

Manage diabetes.
Diabetes may develop the heart disease more easily as one of its complications. Because the high blood sugar already makes damage in your blood vessels and nerves. So, if you have diabetes, just be more cautious about testing your blood sugar health and heart health.

Sleep more.
If you don’t get enough sleep, high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes are more likely to happen to you, making the heart disease in a higher risk.  7 to 9 hours of sleep per night is a good sleep habit.

 

Medications

For preventing the happening and recurrence of the heart disease, Statins and Aspirin can be helpful.

1. Statins(Zocor, Lipitor, and many others).
It helps lower LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels by 20-50%, reducing the heart disease indirectly. If there are severe muscle damages, it may be the side effect. And you should call your doctor.

2. Aspirin
It works to prevent blood clots in patients with heart disease. If you don’t have the heart disease,  take a serious thinking of its possible bleeding effects and its potential benefits.

 

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.