How to Prevent Rheumatic Heart Disease?


How to prevent rheumatic heart disease?


Altogether, there are four prevention stages in rheumatic heart disease (RHD), primordial, primary, secondary and tertiary prevention respectively. The focuses of these stages are different. The first two aim to stop the development of acute rheumatic fever (ARF), while the other two focus on stopping the development of RHD and its complications.

  • Primordial prevention aims to minimize the risk factor, group A streptococcus infections, by improving related environment, economic, social and behavioral conditions.
  • Primary prevention can include early diagnosis of group A streptococcus infections and treatment with antibiotics, commonly penicillin. In this way, the complications of RHD can be prevented.
  • Secondary prevention refers to preventing recurrent ARF to prevent RHD from occurring or stopping existing RHD worsening. In addition to medications, the prevention also includes education, health services and advocacy and the like.
  • Tertiary prevention is aimed at reducing symptoms to minimize disability and prevent premature death. Such measures include heart valve surgery, medication to manage heart failure, and stroke prevention.


Keywords: rheumatic heart disease prevention; prevention rheumatic heart disease



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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.