How to Treat An Open Fracture In the First Time?

The first aid treatments should follow the following five steps.

1. Stop any bleeding

This may require pressure around the injury if the bone is still exposed. If you have access to bandages then place one either side of the exposed bone to apply pressure around the injury and stop the bleeding. If possible cover any exposed bone with a sterile dressing to reduce the risk of infection.

2. Immobilise the injured part

Any further movement could cause the injury to worsen. If you are trained then apply a splint to the injured limb.

If untrained you can immobilise a limb using your hands. Support the injury from above and below.

3. Monitor the patient

If they loose a significant amount of blood then shock can develop. Monitoring the casualty’s pulse and respiratory rate can help you pick up the early signs of shock.

4. Nil by mouth

The casualty may require an emergency operation on arrival at hospital. Therefore do not give them anything to eat or drink.

5. Call for emergency medical help

Open fractures require expert emergency medical help. Do not delay in calling for assistance!

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.