How to Treat Leukemia?

 

 

 

There are four major types of leukemia: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); acute myeloid leukemia (AML); chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML).

 

Common treatments for leukemia?

Although the treatments of leukemia vary from type to type, the major options are:

  • Chemotherapy: Use drugs to kill cancer cells.
  • Blood and platelet transfusions: Help acute leukemia patients prevent or stop bleeding.
  • Biological therapy or immunotherapy: Help immune system recognize and attack leukemia cells.
  • Radiation therapy: Use high-energy X-rays to kill leukemia cells or stop their growth.
  • Targeted therapy: Use drugs to block specific genes or proteins cancer cells need.
  • Stem cell transplant: Patients with AML may require it to replace leukemia cells with new ones that can make blood.
  • Splenectomy: Stop it pressing on nearby organs.

 

What can we do to manage leukemia?

Besides medical treatments above, we can also do something in our daily life to manage leukemia:

  • Prevent infection: Wash hands often and avoid sick people.
  • Quit smoking and alcohol: Alcohol can make the blood easier to bleed. Smoking increases the risk of returning cancer.
  • Exercise as directed: Exercises can bring energy and help manage weight.
  • Prevent bruising and bleeding: Stay away from sharp objects like knives.
  • Don’t take NSAIDs and aspirin: They will increase the risk of bleeding.
  • Eat healthy foods.

Ask nutritionists and doctors for more details if needed.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.