How to Treat Ulcerative Colitis?

What are the medical treatments for ulcerative colitis?

Medical treatments for ulcerative colitis usually involve medications and surgeries in severe cases.

The common medications used include anti-inflammatory drugs like 5-aminosalicylates and corticosteroids and immunosuppressant drugs like Azathioprine (Azasan, Imuran), Cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune), Vedolizumab (Entyvio), etc.

Surgeries include:

  • Proctocolectomy: Remove the entire colon and rectum.
  • Ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA): Construct a pouch from the end of your small intestine, which is attached directly to your anus and allow you to expel waste in a relatively normal way.
  • Continent ileostomy: It is advisable if you want your external pouch converted to an internal one, or if you can’t get the IPAA operation.


What are the home remedies for ulcerative colitis?

Besides medical treatments listed above, there are also some home remedies for you to prevent or lessen the symptoms of ulcerative colitis in daily life:

  • Avoid dairy products.
  • Avoid high-fiber foods like raw fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Eat five or six small meals a day rather than two to three larger ones.
  • Exercises: Mild exercises can help reduce stress, relieve depression and normalize bowel function.
  • Perform regular relaxation and breathing exercises.
  • Acupuncture
  • Consume aloe vera or fish oil: They all have anti-inflammatory effects for people with ulcerative colitis.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.