Inflammatory Bowel Disease - Basic Facts You Need to Know

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) describes a group of disorders in which the intestines (small and large intestines or bowels) become red and swollen.

There are two types of IBD, including:

  • Ulcerative colitis. long-lasting inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum.
  • Crohn’s disease. inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract.

Symptoms may vary according to the severity, including:

  • Abdominal cramps and pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Severe urgency to have a bowel movement
  • Fever and fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blood in your stool

Treatment for IBD involves a combination of self-care and medical treatment.
Daily care

  • dietary changes
  • learn how to manage stress


  • If you have mild ulcerative colitis, you may need minimal or no treatment and remain well for prolonged periods of time.
  • Medicines used to treat ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease include:
    1. aminosalicylates or mesalazines – which can be given in a variety of ways
    2. immunosuppressants – such as steroids or azathioprine to reduce the activity of the immune system
    3. biologics – specific antibody-based treatments given by injection that target a specific part of the immune system
    4. antibiotics

It’s important to talk with your doctor about your dietary choice and medical care with minimal side effect.

Keywords: inflammatory bowel disease, inflammatory bowel disease symptoms

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.