Is Diabetes a Major Risk Factor for Kidney Disease?

Q:
Is diabetes a major risk factor for kidney disease?

A:
Unfortunately, the answer is YES!

Diabetes is a disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use normal amounts of insulin properly. A high blood sugar level can cause problems in many parts of your body.

What does diabetes do to the kidneys?

When one has diabetes, his or her the small blood vessels in the body are injured. If the blood vessels in the kidneys are injured, you may have the following dangers:

  • your kidneys cannot clean your blood properly
  • your body will retain more water and salt than it should, which can result in weight gain and ankle swelling
  • you may have protein in your urine
  • waste materials will build up in your blood

Diabetes also may cause damage to nerves in your body, thus causing difficulty in emptying your bladder. The pressure resulting from your full bladder can back up and injure the kidneys.

In fact, diabetic kidney disease is the most common cause of kidney failure.

What are the symptoms of diabetic kidney disease?

The symptoms at first tend to be vague and unobvious, such as feeling tired, having less energy than usual and just not feeling well. With more severe kidney disease, symptoms that may develop include:

  • Difficulty thinking clearly
  • A poor appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Muscle cramps
  • Fluid retention which causes swollen feet and ankles
  • Puffiness around the eyes
  • Needing to pass urine more often than usual
  • Being pale due to anemia
  • Feeling sick (nausea).

How can I diagnose diabetic kidney disease?

If the level of albumin in the urine rises and there is no other obvious cause for this, diabetic kidney disease is diagnosed.

For more detailed information, you may consult a physician for specific treatment recommendations.

Keywords: diabetes kidney failure, kidney failure diabetes

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.