Klebsiella & Drug-resistant Klebsiella

Klebsiella is a type of Gram-negative bacteria, if infected people can develop pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections, and meningitis.

Klebsiella bacteria are normally found in the human intestines (where they do not cause disease). They are also found in human stool (feces).

Klebsiella infections that are not drug-resistant can be treated with antibiotics.

Some Klebsiella bacteria have become highly resistant to antibiotics. When bacteria such as Klebsiella pneumoniae produce an enzyme known as a carbapenemase (referred to as KPC-producing organisms), then the class of antibiotics called carbapenems will not work to kill the bacteria and treat the infection. Unfortunately, carbapenem antibiotics often are the last line of defense against Gram-negative infections that are resistant to other antibiotics.

In such cases, a microbiology laboratory must run tests to determine which antibiotics will treat the infection.

How to prevent the Klebsiella infection?

  • Healthcare personnel must follow specific infection control precautions.
  • patients also should clean their hands very often, including:
    • Before preparing or eating food
    • Before touching their eyes, nose, or mouth
    • Before and after changing wound dressings or bandages
    • After using the restroom
    • After blowing their nose, coughing, or sneezing
    • After touching hospital surfaces such as bed rails, bedside tables, doorknobs, remote controls, or the phone
* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.