Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is a fungal infection of the lungs. people with pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia may have symptoms such as mild or dry cough, fever, rapid breathing, and breath shortness.
Pneumocystis pneumonia can be life threatening, causing respiratory failure that can lead to death. According to the study, in patients with HIV infection the mortality rate of pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is 10%-20%. In patients without HIV infection, the mortality rate of pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is 30%-50%.
It should be noticed that the prognosis of pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is worse in patients with concurrent pulmonary disease, and pneumothorax.