What Is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

Q:
What is polycystic ovarian syndrome?

A:
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormone-related problem that women suffer. Most women patients have a number of small cysts in the ovaries.

PCOS occurs in 5% to 10% of women and is the most common cause of infertility in women. PCOS symptoms may begin with menstrual irregularities during puberty. Or, a woman may not know she has PCOS until later in life when symptoms and/or infertility occur.

We still don’t know what causes PCOS yet. It is likely to result from both genetic and environmental factors. Women with PCOS usually have a mother or sister with the condition.

Symptoms of the disease include:

  • elevated androgen levels,
  • excess hair growth on the body,
  • male-pattern hair loss,
  • obesity and weight gain,
  • elevated insulin levels and insulin resistance,
  • oily skin,
  • dandruff,
  • infertility,
  • skin discolorations,
  • high cholesterol levels,
  • elevated blood pressure,
  • multiple small cysts in the ovaries.

Keywords: polycystic fibrosis ovaries, polycystic fibrosis syndrome.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.