The Importance of Preventing the Second Stroke

Even after surviving a stroke, you’re not out of the woods, since having one makes it a lot more likely that you’ll have another. Every ear, approximately 795,000 people suffer a stroke. About 600,000 of these are first attacks, and 185,000 are recurrent attacks. 

What can stroke patients do to avoid a recurrence?

1. Stop smoking

The risk of ischemic stroke in current smokers is about double that of nonsmokers. Smoking is also a risk factor to many diseases, including some life-threatening ones. 

2. Take medicine

When your doctor prescribed medicine for you, do not skip any dose, including the medicine for cholesterol, blood pressure, glucose. According to one study, patients who took 75% or less of their medications as prescribed had a 4 times higher risk of stroke than patients who took their medications exactly as directed. 

Even though the medication can’t cure the chronic diseases, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc, it can lower the risk of recurrence of stroke.

3. Healthy diet

A study published by Johns Hopkins stroke expert Victor C. Urrutia with two other scientists from Yale University School of Medicine showed that stroke patients can likely prevent another occurrence by eating well. In a word, diet consisting of abundant fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and unsaturated fatty acid is associated with reduced rate of stroke. 

4. A brain stent or not?

Over the past decade doctors have begun to use an intracranial artery stent to widen a major artery in the brain to improve the blood flow. However, a research led by scientists of the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston shows that patients with the stent have 2.5 times risk in developing a second stroke. The research team had a clinical trial with 451 patients, the patients all received an aggressive medical program together with a lifestyle modification. About 15% of patients in the stenting group experienced a stroke or died within the first 30 days after enrollment, compared with about 6% of those treated with medical therapy alone.

The higher stroke rate in patients with stents placed during the first stroke was unexpected. The reason is unclear. However, it’s something that the seniors might bear in mind in case you’ll need to make a decision in the treatment options someday.

 

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.