Some Information About Bone Marrow Transplant

What is a bone marrow transplant?

Bone marrow is the spongy, fatty tissue inside your bones. It creates some parts of the blood:

  • red blood cells
  • white blood cells
  • platelets
  • hematopoietic stem cells

A bone marrow transplant is a medical procedure performed to replace bone marrow that has been damaged by disease or infection. It replaces your damaged stem cells with healthy cells. Healthy stem cells can come from a donor, or they can come from your own body.


Types of bone marrow transplant.

There are two major types of bone marrow transplants. The reason why you need a transplant decided the type you used.

  • Autologous transplants
    Autologous transplants use a person’s own stem cells. After the treatment is done, your own cells are returned to your body. This type of transplant isn’t always available. It can only be used if you have a healthy bone marrow. However, it reduces the risk of some serious complications.

  • Allogeneic transplants
    Allogeneic transplants use the cells from a donor. Often, a compatible relative is the best choice. The success of an allogeneic transplant depends on how closely the donor cells match your own. However, they have a higher risk of certain complications.


Why you need a bone marrow transplant?

Bone marrow transplants are performed when a person’s marrow isn’t healthy enough. Some reasons for a bone marrow transplant include:

  • Aplastic anemia
  • Cancers that affect the marrow
  • Congenital neutropenia
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Thalassemia

Keywords: bone marrow test; bone marrow transplant; chemotherapy bone marrow cancer

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.