The Common Cholesterol Medications

High cholesterol causes cardiovascular disease. The cholesterol is like wax and it sticks to the wall of the arteries. Over years, it becomes thicker and makes the arteries narrower for blood to go through. The wax comes into plaque. Once the plaque drops from the wall, it becomes blood clot and blocks the artery. This is how heart attack happens.

It’s important to treat high cholesterol. The treatment is a long-term and serious task. It requires both medication and change of lifestyle. The medications of cholesterol include:

  1. PCSK9 inhibitor
    • the newly FDA approved injection medication PCSK9 inhibitors, Praluent(alirocumab) and Repatha(evolocumab)
  2. Statins
    • Advicor® (niacin extended-release/lovastatin)
    • Altoprev® (lovastatin extended-release)
    • Caduet® (amlodipine and atorvastatin)
    • Crestor® (rosuvastatin)
    • Juvisync® (sitagliptin/simvastatin)
    • Lescol® (fluvastatin)
    • Lescol XL (fluvastatin extended-release)
    • Lipitor® (atorvastatin)
    • Liptruzet™ (ezetimibe/atorvastatin)
    • Livalo® (pitavastatin)
    • Mevacor® (lovastatin)
    • Pravachol® (pravastatin)
    • Simcor® (niacin extended-release/simvastatin)
    • Vytorin® (ezetimibe/simvastatin)
    • Zocor® (simvastatin)

PCSK9 inhibitor helps the liver to remove cholesterol out of body. It’s an injection medication, the usual dose is one shot every two weeks. PCSK9 inhibitor Praluent(alirocumab) and Repatha(evolocumab) work well to people who can’t stand the side effects of Statins, like muscle pain. PCSK9 inhibitor can be used in combination with Statins, and reach a 75% drop of bad LDL cholesterol effect.

Statins are widely used in the United States and prove effective. Statins have side effects though, some people can’t tolerate the side effects. The usual side effects include muscle pain, headache, nausea, and around 2% of patients taking Statins may have liver dysfunction. When taking Statins, patients should limit alcohol to minimum to avoid liver damage.

Other than prescriptions, there’re some natural supplements that have proved useful in lowering cholesterol. Check the natural supplements here. 

 

Related FAQs:

Complete List of Statins Medicaiton Treating Cholesterol

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.