The Related Information About Soft Tissue Sarcoma

What is soft tissue sarcoma?

The soft tissue sarcoma is starts from the soft tissue, like: fat, muscle, tendon, lymph, and vessel etc. This kind of sarcoma is hard to deal with, since they are connected with the surrounding tissue closely and they can also transfer easily by the vessel. The metastatic cells would infiltrate other tissues and forms other lumps.

 

What are causes of this disease?

Generally speaking, the cell would grow in an abnormal way when the DNA send a wrong message and these abnormal cells would form a tumor. But according to the research, the specific cause of soft tissue sarcoma is not clear till now.

What are symptoms of this disease?

The symptoms would according to the specific type of the soft tissue sarcoma. For example, the chondrosarcoma. It is a kind of rare cancer that starts from the bone or soft issues sometimes. And the most common areas for chondrosarcoma are pelvis, shoulders and hip, it would also infect skull in some certain conditions. The symptoms include:

  • The increasing pain
  • A swelling mass
  • The fracture due to the weakened bone.

But for some soft tissue sarcomas, they would show no signs or symptoms at the early stage, and when the tumor grows, the symptoms could be:

  • A noticeable lump or swelling
  • Pain, if a tumor presses on nerves or muscles

What is the diagnosis of this disease?

Since different types has different signs and symptoms, so the diagnosis should be specifically. It would include:

  • Imaging tests: X-ray; Computerized tomography scans (CT); Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Positron emission tomography.
  • Biopsy: core needle biopsy; surgical biopsy.

What is the treatment of it?

The treatment options for soft tissue sarcoma will depend on the size, type and location of the tumor.

  • Surgery: when the lump is obvious and mature, the surgery would be the best choose. And the lymphatic dissection is needed when the abnormal cell invades the lymph.
  • Radiation therapy: the radiation with high energy would shrink or delete the lump or abnormal cells. And for the metastatic cells, the radiation therapy would be better.
  • Chemotherapy: take some specific drugs, and the abnormal cells would response positively to these drugs, and the tumor would be treated by these.

What about the prognosis?

The prognosis is related to many facts:

  • The diagnosis time: the early the better.
  • The location of the cancer: If the location near the trunk, then the prognosis would not good, vice versa.
  • The surgery and the assistant therapy would also affect the prognosis.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.