Trace Minerals Testing-Reference Range

Trace minerals testing is used to detect and monitor the mineral content in your body. Sometimes it is used to evaluate your nutritional status. The primary trace minerals of nutritional significance are chromium, copper, selenium, and zinc.


Chromium deficiency may indicate impaired glucose tolerance.

Chromium excess may indicate

  • Dermatitis
  • Renal failure
  • Metal fume fever
  • Pulmonary cancers


Copper deficiency may indicate

  • Anemia
  • Osteopenia
  • Cerebral and cerebellar degeneration
  • Growth retardation
  • Hair pigment changes

Copper excess may indicate

  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Hepatic failure
  • Wilson disease


Selenium deficiency may indicate

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Heart failure (Keshan disease)
  • Deforming arthritis (Kashin-Bek disease)

Selenium excess may indicate

  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Dermatitis


Zinc deficiency may indicate

  • Dermatitis
  • Congenital malformations

Zinc excess may indicate

  • Metal fume fever
  • Gastritis
  • Sideroblastic anemia

Keywords: Essential Minerals; Microminerals; Trace Elements; Trace Minerals

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.