Treatment of First-degree Burns

First-degree burns affect only the epidermis, or outer layer of skin, it’s also called superficial. In most cases, first-degree burns are caused by mild sunburn, or flash burn.

The burn site is red, painful, dry, and with no blisters. Long-term tissue damage is rare and usually consists of an increase or decrease in the skin color.

Symptoms may include:

  • Redness
  • Dry skin
  • Skin that is painful to touch
  • Pain usually lasts 48 to 72 hours and then subsides
  • Peeling skin

Superficial first-degree burns usually heal on their own within a week. Treatment may depend on the severity of the burn and may include the following:

  • Cold compresses
  • Lotion or ointments
  • Acetaminophen or ibuprofen

Superficial first-degree burns are usually not bandaged. Consult your child’s doctor for additional treatment for first-degree burns.


* The contents of this HTQ Site are for informational and communicational purposes only. The information provided by HTQ, HTQ employees, others appearing on the Site at the invitation of HTQ, or other visitors to the Site is NOT a medical advice.The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on the HTQ Site!