Trichomoniasis: Treatment & Home Remedies

Overview

Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a parasite. It is not serious. In women, trichomoniasis can cause a foul-smelling vaginal discharge, genital itching and painful urination. Men with trichomoniasis usually have no symptoms. Pregnant women with trichomoniasis may have a higher risk of delivering their babies prematurely. According to some studies, trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting other STDS, including HIV

About 20% of people get infected again within three months of treatment. In America, there are about 2 million women affected. It is more common in women than men. And, it affects African American women more than white or Hispanic women.

Causes & Risk Factors

Trichomonas is transmitted through sexual or genital contact.

Women usually get the infection in vulva, vagina, cervix, or urethra. Men usually get it just inside their penis in the urethra, but they may also get it in their prostate.

Other risk factors may include:

  • Multiple sexual partners.
  • A history of other sexually transmitted infections.
  • A previous episode of trichomoniasis.
  • Have sex without a condom.

Symptoms

Many women with trichomoniasis have no symptoms, like most men. Symptoms usually appear within 5 to 28 days of infection, including:

  • A foul-smelling vaginal discharge which might be white, gray, yellow or green
  • Genital redness, burning and itching
  • Pain with urination or sexual intercourse

In rare cases, patients with trichomoniasis may have lower abdominal pain.

Diagnosis

Doctors usually need some tests to diagnose trichomoniasis, including:

  • A pelvic exam.
  • The nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs).

Treatment

The most common treatment for trichomoniasis, even for pregnant women, is to use one megadose of either metronidazole (Flagyl) or tinidazole (Tindamax). In some cases, your doctor may recommend a lower dose of metronidazole twice a day for seven days. Both you and your partner need treatment, and you need avoid sexual intercourse until the infection is cured, which takes about a week.

Your doctor may retest you for trichomoniasis from two weeks to three months after treatment to be sure you haven’t been reinfected. Trichomoniasis can last for months to years if it isn’t be treat.

Prevention

There is no routine standard screening for trichomoniasis, while some options can be helpful to prevent trichomoniasis, including:

  • Abstain from sex.
  • Use condoms.
  • Limit the number of sex partners.
  • Avoid douching frequently.

Complications

Women with trichomoniasis may:

  • Deliver prematurely.
  • Have a baby with a low birth weight.
  • Transmit the infection to the baby as he or she passes through the birth canal.
  • Have a higher risk of infecting HIV.

Home Remedies

Some tips can be helpful to relieve the symptoms of trichomoniasis.

  • Use tea tree oil, bergamot essential oil colloidal silver, and fenugreek seeds.
  • Eat garlic.
  • Drink yogurt and apple cider vinegar (ACV) and citrus juice
  • Avoid douching frequently.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol too much.

Please consult your doctors for your treatment options.

Keywords: trichomoniasis; sexually transmitted disease; STD; parasite.

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.