Urine Test

A urine test is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes. The urine sample may be evaluated in 3 ways.

Visual exam

  • Urine is usually clear. The cloudiness or  unusual odor of your urine may indicate infection.

Microscopic exam

  • Too many white blood cells may indicate infection.
  • Too many red blood cells may indicate kidney disease, a blood disorder or another underlying medical condition, such as bladder cancer.
  • Bacteria or yeasts may indicate an infection.

Dipstick test

  • Abnormal pH levels may indicate a kidney or urinary tract disorder.
  • Larger amounts of protein may indicate a kidney problem.
  • Bilirubin in your urine may indicate liver damage or disease.
  • A high sugar content is a sign of diabetes.
  • Blood in your urine may indicate kidney damage, infection, kidney or bladder stones, kidney or bladder cancer, or blood disorders.
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