What Are Bacterial Infections?

A bacterial infection, means there is a proliferation of harmful bacteria on or inside the body. Bacteria can infect any area of you body, making lots of illnesses such as pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning.

In general, we may meet the bacterial infection and viral infection, the general main two types. Bacterial and viral infections have many things in common.

  • Coughing and sneezing.
  • Contact with infected people, especially through kissing and sex.
  • Contact with contaminated surfaces, food, and water.
  • Contact with infected creatures, including pets, livestock, and insects such as fleas and ticks.

Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI).

Viral infections include the common cold, flu, most coughs and bronchitis, chickenpox and HIV/AIDS.

These two types show in similar symptoms and you may need a sample of urine, stool and blood for a ‘culture’ test to get the accurate diagnosis.

To get the infection, the bacteria may gain into your body with the following routes:
Contaminated food or water
Close contact with an infected person
Contact with the faces of an infected person
Breathing in the exhaled droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes
Indirectly, by touching contaminated surfaces – such as taps, toilet handles, toys and nappies.


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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.