What Are Basics of Allergies in Dogs?

What are symptoms of allergies in dogs?

Common symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • Diarrhea
  • Itchy eyes, back, or skin
  • Swollen paws
  • Vomiting
  • Infections in ears


What are causes of allergies in dogs?

Possible allergy triggers include:

  • Feathers
  • Pollen
  • Grass, trees
  • Dust mites
  • Ingredients in food
  • Perfumes
  • Fleas


How are allergies in dogs diagnosed?

The veterinarian may

  • conduct an intradermal skin test
  • feed the dog a hydrolyzed protein diet for about 3 months (This is for food allergy)


What are treatment options?

Different types of allergies are treated differently.

Allergies caused by

  • Food. Feed the dog a hydrolyzed protein diet. The vet will ask you to prepare home-cooked meals for the dog after it cures.
  • Pollens. Give your dog a bath on a weekly basis. But remember to ask a vet for recommendation of dog shampoo.
  • Dust. Clean your home with vacuum twice a week. Wash the dog’s bedding once a week.


What are medications to cure allergies in dogs?

Medicines that may work include:

  • Antihistamines
  • Allergy injections (for airborne allergens)
  • Flea-prevention products
  • Aloe, or oatmeal sprays, fatty acid supplements, specially made shampoos (for itchy skin)


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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.