What Are Basics of Mumps?

 

 

What is mumps?

Mumps refers to a contagious disease caused by a virus that passes from one person to another.

It is a viral infection that primarily affects the parotid glands, situated below and in front of your ears.

 

What causes mumps?

Mumps is caused by the mumps virus, which spreads easily from person to person through infected saliva, nasal secretions, and close personal contact.

 

What are signs and symptoms of mumps?

Some people may have no signs or very mild ones. But when signs and symptoms do develop, they may include:

  • Swollen, painful salivary glands on one or both sides of your face
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Pain while chewing or swallowing

 

What is the diagnosis of mumps?

If your doctor suspects that you have mumps, he will ask you to do a blood test.

The blood test can detect the antibodies in your system that are fighting the mumps virus.

 

What are treatment options for mumps?

Mumps doesn’t respond to antibiotics or other medications. You can treat the symptoms to make yourself more comfortable including:

  • Avoid acidic foods and beverages that may cause more pain in your salivary glands.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration due to fever.
  • Eat a soft diet of soup, yogurt, and other foods that aren’t hard to chew.
  • Rest when you feel weak or tired.
  • Soothe swollen glands by applying ice packs.
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, to bring down your fever.

To learn more you should go to a medical professional.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.