What Are Basics of Rectal Bleeding?




What is rectal bleeding?

Rectal bleeding refers to any blood that passes from your anus, but rectal bleeding is usually assumed to refer to bleeding from your lower colon or rectum.


What causes rectal bleeding?

Common causes of rectal bleeding include:

  • anal fissure
  • angiodysplasias
  • colitis
  • colon cancer and polyps
  • colonic polyp removal
  • diverticulosis
  • hemorrhoids
  • Meckel’s diverticula
  • proctitis


What are signs and symptoms of rectal bleeding?

Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding is the most common symptom. The color of blood in the stool can be:

  • bright red
  • maroon
  • yellow
  • white
  • green
  • black and tarry
  • not visible to the naked eye


What are treatment options for rectal bleeding?

Treatments for rectal bleeding depend on the cause and source of the bleeding. Treatment of significant blood loss will begin by stabilizing the patient’s condition:

  • An IV will be started to administer fluids and for a possible blood transfusion.
  • Oxygen will be provided to the patient.
  • The heart will be monitored.
  • Further treatment options will depend on the suspected source of bleeding.

When a marked amount of blood loss has occurred, or bleeding has not stopped, you should go to hospital immediately. To learn more you should go to a medical professional.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.