What Are Diabetes Tests?

Q:
What are diabetes tests?

A:
Tests for type 1 and type 2 diabetes and prediabetes include:

1. Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test.

  • An A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests indicates that you have diabetes.
  • An A1C between 5.7 and 6.4 percent indicates prediabetes. Below 5.7 is considered normal.

2. Random blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken at a random time.

  • Regardless of when you last ate, a random blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) — 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) — or higher suggests diabetes.

3. Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast.

  • A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal.
  • A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes.
  • 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.

4. Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours.

  • A blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal.
  • A reading of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours indicates diabetes.
  • A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) indicates prediabetes, you have diabetes.

For more info you can go to a specialist.

Keyword: diabetes test; diabetes testing

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.