What Are HPVs Causing Genital Warts and Cervical Cancer?

Q:

I heard that HPV can cause genital warts and cervical cancer. What is HPV?

A:

HPV refers to human papillomaviruses, a group of more than 200 related viruses, among which more 40 types can easily spread through vaginal, anal and oral sex, from the skin and mucous membranes of infected people to healthy people through close contact.

Sexually transmitted human papillomaviruses can be divided into two categories:

Low-risk HPVs

Low-risk HPVs do not cause cancer, but they can cause skin warts, like genital warts and anal warts. About 90% of al genital warts are caused by HPV types 6 and 11.

High-risk HPVs

High-risk HPVs can cause cancer, like cervical cancer. Approximately a dozen high-risk HPVs have been identified by researchers. HPV types 16 and 18 are responsible for most HPV-caused cancers, including cervical cancer.

 

Keywords: genital warts cervical cancer

 

 

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.