What Are the Basics of Atopic Dermatitis?

What is the definition of atopic dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease, and it is the most common type of eczema. If you have this condition, your affected skin will be reddish and there will be itchy rash on the skin.

It tends to occur in children, but adults can also have the disease. In addition, it can last for a very long time.

Although there is no cure yet, certain treatments can help reduce the symptoms.


What are the symptoms of atopic dermatitis?

Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Dry skin
  • Redness
  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Small sores that may leak fluid

The symptoms vary from person to person, and they can be long-lasting. Besides, they can occur in any part of the skin, including hands, legs, feet, neck, and even eyelids.

Don’t scratch your skin when you feel itchy because scratching can only worsen the symptoms.


What are the causes of atopic dermatitis?

Doctors still don’t know the exact cause of the disease. However, some factors can trigger the flares:

  • Family history
    If you have a family history of atopic dermatitis, it is more likely for you to have the condition.
  • Environmental factors
    For example, allergens or irritants in your environment can make your immune system produce an inflammation, and it may lead to red rash on your skin.


How to treat it?

There are various treatments that can help reduce the symptoms. However, the disease may recur sometime.

Treatments include:

  • Medications
    These medications include topical creams and drugs that can eliminate infections and inflammations.
  • Therapies
    Light therapy, or phototherapy, can be effective. However, if you are exposed to the light for a long time, it may have adverse effects on your skin.


Can you tell me something more about the medications?

Medications for this condition include:

  • Creams that can reduce allergic reactions
    After applying a cream containing corticosteroid, you may feel less itchy.

  • Medications that eliminate inflammations
    You should not take these drugs for a long time because of those severe side effects.
  • Medications that control infections
    Antibiotics can be helpful when there is a bacterial infection in your skin. By the same token, you should not use them for a long time.


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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.