What Are the Basics of Brown Recluse Spider Bite?

What is brown recluse spider bite?

Brown recluse spider bite is a common kind of spider bite injury. The brown recluse spider, also known as the violin or fiddle-back spider, is most commonly found in the southeastern and midwestern parts of the United States. Brown recluse spiders will not bite people unless they are attacked.

If you are bit by spider bite, your pain will continually increase in the first eight hours. And within a day your wound will become hard. Some mild wounds will disappear in about a week while serious wounds may need about 2 months to heal.

What are the signs or symptoms of brown recluse spider bite?

Possible signs or symptoms of recluse spider bite include:

  • Necrotic skin lesions
  • Skin redness
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Body aches
  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • Swelling
  • Burning sensation
  • Breathing, speaking or walking difficulties
  • Less frequent and darker urine

What are the stages of brown recluse spider bite?

Stage 1
You may feel itchy and extremely painful on the bite area. And there may be some blisters.

Stage 2
The bite area may be grayish and there may be some small red spots.

Stage 3
There may be some other symptoms and the small red spots may spread to other parts of your skin.

Stage 4
Some serious conditions may appear such as nausea, vomiting, fever, restlessness, seizures and severe pain.

What is the best treatment for brown recluse spider bite?

Treatments for brown recluse spider bite can be divided into medical treatments and home treatments.

Home treatments 

  • Using compression bandage to compress the wound to relieve swelling.
  • Using soap and water to wash the wound gently.
  • Elevating the bite area if the wound is in legs or arms.
  • Applying ice on the wound.
  • Wiping the bite area with alcohol or a cool damp cloth with water.
  • Applying activated charcoal diluted with water to the bite area.
  • Applying the grated or shredded starchy potato on the bite wound.

Medical treatments 

  • Antihistamines
  • Anti-venom
  • Steroids
  • Antibiotics (for infection)
  • Surgery (for extremely serious situation)
  • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.