What Are the Basics of Chondrosarcoma?

What is chondrosarcoma?

Chondrosarcoma is a cancer composed of cells derived from transformed cells that produce cartilage, according to Wikipedia.

The most common locations for chondrosarcoma tumors are the pelvis and shoulder, along with the superior metaphyseal and diaphyseal regions of the arms and legs. It affects rarely the base of the skull.

According to Wikipedia, there is a precise classification of chondrosarcoma based on ICD-O codes.

These subtypes are derived from, and reflect:

(a) the topographical location of the tumor;
(b) the histological characteristics of the cancerous cartilage cells;
(c) the makeup of the surrounding matrix material associated with the tumor.

Below is the list of the classification:

  • ICD-O 9220: Chondrosarcoma NOS (“Not Otherwise Specified”)
  • ICD-O 9221: Juxtacortical chondrosarcoma
  • ICD-O 9231: Myxoid chondrosarcoma
  • ICD-O 9240: Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma
  • ICD-O 9242: Clear cell chondrosarcoma
  • ICD-O 9243: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma

What are the symptoms of chondrosarcoma?

Signs and symptoms of chondrosarcoma may include:

  • Back or thigh pain
  • A swelling or palpable mass
  • Fracture due to weakened bone
  • Sciatica
  • Bladder symptoms
  • Unilateral edema

How about the life expectancy of chondrosarcoma?

Prognosis depends on the stage of the cancer.

For the least aggressive grade, about 90% of patients survive more than five years after diagnosis.

For the most aggressive grade, only 10% of patients will survive one year.

Tumors may recur in the future. Follow up scans are extremely important for chondrosarcoma to make sure there has been no recurrence or metastasis, which usually occurs in the lungs.

Keywords: chondrosarcoma; chondrosarcoma+; chondrosarcoma symptoms; chondrosarcoma life expectancy

* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.