What Are the Basics of Dysphagia?

What is the definition of dysphagia?

Dysphagia means difficulty swallowing. If you have dysphagia, you will need more time and more effort to finish a swallowing process.

Everyone may have difficulty swallowing occasionally, and this needs no treatment. However, if the condition is continuous and persistent, you should pay close attention to it.


What are the symptoms of dysphagia?

Symptoms of dysphagia include:

  • Feeling pain when swallowing
  • Being unable to swallow
  • Feeling food sticking in the throat
  • Unexpected weight loss


What are the causes of dysphagia?

There are various causes of dysphagia, and many conditions can trigger dysphagia:

  • Diseases of the brain
    These can have an adverse influence on neurological control, such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, etc.
  • Diseases of the esophagus
    Achalasia, a narrowed esophagus, and esophageal tumors can also be to blame.

  • Diseases of muscle function
    For example, myasthenia gravis can lead to difficulty swallowing.
  • Obstructions in the digestive tract such as tumors


What are the treatments for dysphagia?

There are various treatments for dysphagia, and the treatment you need depends on your condition.

Treatments for difficulty swallowing include:

  • Swallowing exercises
  • Esophageal dilation
  • Medications
  • Obstruction removal surgery


How to prevent dysphagia?

Generally speaking, dysphagia is not preventable. We can only prevent the conditions that trigger it, such as certain tumors.

However, when having a meal, you can learn to chew your foods more and eat slowly, because they can help you swallow more smoothly.


Here are some basics of dysphagia. If you have difficulty swallowing and need more detailed information, you can turn to a doctor.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.