What Are the Basics of Genital Warts?

What are genital warts?

Genital warts are sexually transmitted infection caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Women are more likely to develop the disease than men.

What are the signs or symptoms of genital warts?

The possible signs or symptoms of genital warts include:

  • Bleeding with intercourse.
  • Itching in the genital area.
  • Small, gray or flesh-colored swellings in the genital area.
  • Several warts close together like a cauliflower.

What are the causes of genital warts?

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of genital warts. There are more than 40 types of HPV strains that may affect the genital area. Apart from HPV infection, there are some other possible causes.

  • Having unprotected sex with a partner who have genital warts.
  • Having unprotected sex with multiple partners.
  • Having sex at a young age.

What are the effective treatments for genital warts?

The treatments for genital warts include taking certain medicines and surgery.

Medicines for genital warts.

  • Trichloroacetic acid (TCA).
  • Sinecatechins (Veregen).
  • Podophyllin and podofilox (Condylox).
  • Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara).


  • Electrocautery.
  • Freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy).
  • Laser treatments.
  • Surgical excision.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.