What Are the Basics of Glaucoma?

What is the definition of glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that may cause damage to eyes. It may occur at any age, but it is more common among old elders.

Newborns may have glaucoma, too. This type of glaucoma is called congenital glaucoma.

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

Possible symptoms of glaucoma include:

  • Eye pain
  • Eye redness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Patchy blind spots in your side or central vision
  • Rainbow halos around lights
  • Sensitivity to light

What are the causes of glaucoma?

The possible causes of glaucoma include:

  • Aging: being over age 60.
  • Family history of having glaucoma.
  • Some medicines including certain eyedrops.
  • Sudden eye injury.
  • Early estrogen deficiency.
  • Some diseases including diabetes, sickle cell anemia, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetic retinopathy, nearsightedness, eye tumors, eye inflammation and ocular ischemia.

What medicines can cure glaucoma?

To cure glaucoma is difficult, but some medicines can help to relieve its symptoms. Such medicines include:

  • Acetazolamide (Diamox)
  • Methazolamide (Neptazane)
  • Timolol and dorzolamide (Cosopt)
  • Brimonidline and timolol (Combigan)
  • Brimonidine and brinzolamide (Simbrinza)
  • Brinzolamide (Azopt)
  • Dorzolamide (Trusopt)

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.