What Are the Basics of Heel Pain?

What is heel pain?

Heel pain is mostly caused by a condition called heel spur syndrome or plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the band of tissue (the plantar fascia) that extends from the heel to the toes.

In this condition, the fascia first becomes irritated and then inflamed, resulting in heel pain.

What are the causes of heel pain?

There are several common causes of heel pain:

  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Sprains and strains
  • Fracture
  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Bursitis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Osteochondroses
  • Reactive arthritis

What are the symptoms of heel pain?

Heel pain varies in severity, depending on the cause.

Heel pain symptoms may include:

  • Pain, especially after resting
  • Swelling or inflammation
  • Redness
  • Heat

Severe symptoms may include:

  • Inability to bend your foot downward
  • Inability to rise on your toes
  • Inability to walk
  • Swelling in the heel region
  • Pain coupled with fever, or numbness or tingling in heel

Contact you podiatrist immediately for evaluation and testing once you have the above symptoms.

What are the treatments options for heel pain?

Heel pain does not always subside immediately after treatment, but most cases of heel pain can be treated by through nonsurgical treatments like:

  • Stretching exercises;
  • Avoid going barefoot;
  • Ice;
  • Limit activities;
  • Shoe modifications;
  • Medications.
  • Padding, taping and strapping;
  • Orthotic devices;
  • Injection therapy;
  • Removable walking cast;
  • Night splint;
  • Physical therapy.

If the heel pain remains severe after several months of nonsurgical treatment, surgery will be considered.

Consult a doctor to determine the most beneficial treatment options for you.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.