What Are the Basics of Homocysteinemia?

What are the basics of homocysteinemia?

Homocysteinemia is defined as the elevation of the homocysteine level in blood plasma. It is a disorder of methionine metabolism, which may lead to an abnormal accumulation of homocysteine and its metabolites (homocystine, homocysteine-cysteine complex, and others) in blood and urine.

The causes of homocysteinemia include:

  • Genetic mutations
  • Deficiencies of vitamin B6, folic acid (vitamin B9), and vitamin B12

The complications of homocysteinemia include:

  • Blood clots
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Deep-vein thrombosis,
  • Pulmonary embolism

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