What Are the Basics of Leiomyosarcoma?

What is leiomyosarcoma?

Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant (cancerous) smooth muscle tumor starting in smooth muscles that line organs like your stomach, bladder and intestines.

One can get LMS in any of the following organs:

  • Bladder
  • Blood vessels
  • Intestines
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Skin
  • Stomach
  • Uterus

What are the signs and symptoms of LMS?

The signs and symptoms vary depending on the size and location of the cancer.

General symptoms caused by LMS may include:

  • Bloating in your abdomen
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Lump or swelling under your skin
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain
  • Weight loss

What are the causes of LMS?

The exact reason that causes LMS remains unclear, but there are some factors that were associated with LMS. They are:

  • Smoking
  • Radiation
  • Chemical exposure

What are treatment options for LMS?

Treatment options for LMS include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

What is the prognosis and survival rate of LMS?

The prognosis of LMS depends on the stage of the cancer, the grade of the tumor and the general health of the patient.

The five-year survival rate of LMS depends upon the stage. It is summarized according to stage as below:

  • Stage I: 60%
  • Stage II: 35%
  • Stage III: 28%
  • Stage IV: 15%

Despite these high survival rates within 5 years, the percentage of death from Leiomyosarcoma after some time is also high with an average of 85.5% of patients.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.