What Are the Basics of Rosacea?

What is the definition of rosacea?

Rosacea is a common skin condition. If you have redness and visible blood vessels in your face, you may have rosacea.

Rosacea can occur in anyone. However, mostly it affects middle-aged women who have fair skin.

Although there is no cure for rosacea, proper treatments can control and alleviate the signs and symptoms.

What are the symptoms of rosacea?

Symptoms of rosacea include:

  • Facial redness.
    Rosacea usually causes a persistent redness in the central part of your face. Pay attention to small blood vessels on your nose and cheeks.
  • Swollen red pimples.
    Many people develop pimples on their face that look like acne. These bumps sometimes contain pus. Beware if your skin feel hot and delicate.
  • Eye problems.
    About half of the people who have rosacea also experience eye dryness. Their eyelids can also swell and redden. In some cases, ocular rosacea symptoms precede the skin symptoms.


What are the causes of rosacea?

Rosacea can be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.

A variety of factors can trigger or aggravate rosacea, including:

  • Alcohol
  • Cosmetics
  • Drugs that dilate blood vessels
  • Emotions
  • Exercise
  • Hot drinks and spicy foods
  • Sunlight
  • Temperature extremes
  • Wind

Rosacea is not caused by poor hygiene.

What are the treatments for rosacea?

There is no cure for rosacea, but proper treatments can reduce the symptoms. Mostly this requires both skin care and prescription treatments.


Your doctor will prescribe some drugs for you, including:

  • Isotretinoin
  • Medications that reduce redness
  • Oral antibiotics


  • Dermabrasion
  • Electrosurgery
  • Intense pulsed light therapy
  • Laser therapy

Proper skin care

  • Mild skin cleansers
  • Oil-free cosmetics and moisturizers
  • Sunscreen with broad spectrum coverage


What are the medications for rosacea?

Your doctor will prescribe medications on the basis of your signs and symptoms. They include:

  • Oral antibiotics
    These can help reduce some types of bacteria. It mainly aims at the inflammation in the disease.
  • Medications to reduce redness
    Brimonidine (Mirvaso) and oxymetazoline (Rhofade) have been proved effective in reducing redness. After application to the skin after 12 hours, you may see the effects. However, the results are temporary, which means they need to be applied regularly.
  • Isotretinoin.
    This is a powerful oral acne drug that may help resolve acne-like lesions. But pregnant people cannot use it because it may do harm to fetuses.

Remember to ask your doctor for professional advice before you take any medication.


What is the definition of ocular rosacea?

Rosacea is a skin disease that brings redness and acne-like pimples to your face. When it affects your eyes, it is called ocular rosacea.

Sometimes, ocular rosacea is the first sign that you may have facial rosacea later.

Generally, ocular rosacea affects adults aged between 30 and 50. Those who tend to blush are more likely to have the disease.


What are the symptoms of ocular rosacea?

If you have or feel:

  • Blurred vision
  • Burning or sting in the eyes
  • Dry eyes
  • Grittiness or a foreign body in the eye or eyes
  • Itchy eyes
  • Redness
  • Red and swollen eyelids
  • Sensitivity to light

You may have ocular rosacea, for these are the symptoms of it. If you have these symptoms, remember to see a doctor.

What are the treatments for ocular rosacea?

Proper treatments can help reduce the symptoms.  For example, You can apply warm moist compresses to your eyelids.

Your doctor may also prescribe some antibiotics to improve the conditions, including:

  • tetracycline
  • doxycycline
  • erythromycin
  • minocycline

If the situation is severe, you may need to take antibiotics for a longer time.

Besides, your doctor may also prescribe eye drops or ointments that contain steroids to resolve the irritation and redness.

Artificial tears can help prevent your eyes from being dry.

Remember to consult a doctor if you have ocular rosacea symptoms.


Here are only some basics of rosacea. If you need more information, please go to see a doctor and you will get professional information.

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* The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.